In order to preserve the heritage and create living, inclusive and integrated sites, a territorial, urban, and landscape perspective is needed, articulating nature and culture, tangible and intangible dimensions, (re)interpreting values and attributes through proactive strategies of conservation and revitalization that are fully integrated in the planning tools. This is particularly important for urban heritage, since historic cities are generally affected by pressures and processes of change that may not only disrupt the urban fabric but may also affect local communities through processes of gentrification or marginalization.
Sustainable strategies should include awareness-raising and social participation as instruments to enhance emancipation, citizenship, and democratization of decision-making processes. At the same time, planning tools should integrate protection measures for the urban fabric beyond the conventional (and often ineffective) system of “listing” the monuments, whilst promoting revitalization actions to ensure an enhanced functional and economic role of historic cities in the wider urban and regional context.
As stated by the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation, the integration of heritage conservation in territorial and urban planning policies and tools, with a broad participatory perspective, is crucial to ensure appropriate and inclusive heritage management. New approaches to heritage should lead to new urban planning approaches where heritage is not a simple sectoral component but permeates the whole urban development strategy in a perspective of sustainability and equity.
Daniele Pini (Italy)
Jyoti Hosagrahar (India), Deputy-Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, UNESCO
Topic: UNESCO 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape: 10th anniversary
Bonnie Burnham (US), President, Cultural Heritage Finance Alliance (CHiFA)
Topic: Creating a heritage-led investment process
Eric Huybrecht (France), architect and urban/regional planner, Manager of International Affairs of the Institute Paris Region
Rusudan Mirzikashvili (Georgia), HERILAND ESR, Newcastle University
Topic: Heritage and Landscape: What Role in Governance?